UNIDO cleaner production (CP) programme and network aims at building
national CP capacities, fostering dialogue between industry and
government and enhancing investments for transfer and development
of environmentally sound technologies. Through this programme, UNIDO
is bridging the gap between competitive industrial production and
environmental concerns. CP is more than just a technical solution.
It has a widespread application at all decision-making levels in
industry, with the chief focus on adoption of cleaner technologies
and techniques within the industrial sector. Costly end-of-pipe
pollution control systems are gradually replaced with a strategy
that reduces and avoids pollution and waste throughout the entire
production cycle, from efficient use of raw materials, energy and
water to the final product.
CP programme represents an innovative approach, which increases
competitiveness, facilitates market access and strengthens the productive
capacity of developing economies taking into consideration the two
other dimensions of sustainable development, environmental compliance
and social development.
CP can only be sustained if capacity is in place to adopt and adjust
it to local conditions. To make the programme a reality and promote
the application of CP by enterprises in developing and transition
countries, UNIDO started, in 1994, to set up National Cleaner Production
Centres (NCPCs). Since then, nearly 31 National Cleaner Production
Centres and Programmes have been established. Of these, ten are
fully established and receive no further programmatic funding from
UNIDO (Brazil, China, the Czech Republic, Hungary, India, Mexico,
Slovakia, Tanzania, Tunisia, Zimbabwe), while fifteen are still
in the process of being built up (Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador,
Ethiopia, Guatemala, Kenya, Lebanon, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua,
Viet Nam, The Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka and Uganda).
national network (as opposed to a centre) has been established in
Cuba. Cleaner production projects have been and are being undertaken
worldwide, with the possibility of Centres being established at
a later date.
and Switzerland are the main donors, providing more than half (61%)
of the total funds of the UNIDO CP programme, which amounts to more
than 18 MIO.
Additional donors are Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, European Union,
Finland, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, South Korea,
Slovenia, Sweden, UK.
National Cleaner Production Centres (NCPCs)
Brazil, Cambodia, China, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic,
Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Kenya,
Lao, Lebanon, Macedonia, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua,
Rep. of Korea, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, South Africa,
Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe.
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